£70.00 | $125.95
10 September 2009
216mm x 138mm
Development, Economics, Politics
The Social Economy
International Perspectives on Economic Solidarity
Edited by Ash Amin
As the current economic crisis spreads around the globe questions are being asked about what king of capitalist or post-capitalist economy will follow. There is increasing talk of the need for stringent economic regulation, the need to temper greed and individualism, to make the economy work for human and social development. The search is on for a kinder, greener, less unequal and more redistributive economy.
This transitional moment, with its pointed questions about the economy to come, provides an opportunity to assess the role and potential of the 'social economy', that is, economic activity in between market and state oriented towards meeting social needs. Until a decade ago, the term was used mainly by the fringe to describe the 'alternative economy'. Typically, organisations providing affordable child-care to low-wage families in a poor neighbourhood, or those making goods from recycled materials for low-income households, were considered to be residual or marginal to a mainstream dominated by markets and states.
In the last decade, expectation in both the developed and developing world has changed in quite radical ways. Mainstream opinion is starting to see the social economy as a source of building social capabilities as well as developing new markets in welfare provision. Policymakers around the world have begun to support the social economy, and increasingly on business grounds, jostling with traditional interest on the fringe in the sector as a moral and social alternative to the capitalist economy.
It is precisely this emerging but disputed centrality of the social economy that makes this book so timely. The book positions the social economy conceptually and normatively with the help of case evidence from a number of developed and developing countries. Uniquely, it brings together in English the work of leading scholars of the social economy who are also actively engaged in national and international policy formulation. Although it argues a case for seeing the social economy as distinctive from the state and market in terms of aims, values, and actors, it also notes many overlaps and complementarities once the economy is conceptualised as a plural entity responding to needs in diverse organisational combinations. The book also shows that expectations - social and economic - cannot be divorced from local institutional and historical circumstances and legacies. Accordingly, while certain generic policy principles can be shared internationally, interventions on the ground cannot ignore the demands of situated practice and legacy.
'This valuable collection of studies on the Social Economy makes a notable contribution to understanding about a developing mode of production in different parts of the world, representing a new way to those fighting for a society in which liberty and equality are not in contradiction to each other.' - Paul Singer, Secretary of State for the Solidarity Economy, Brazil
'At a time of deep global economic crisis, there is a pressing need to explore alternatives to the mainstream capitalist economy in the search for sustainable futures, This is therefore a timely and important book. The contributors, a mix of leading academic researchers and activists, explore the achievements and potential of the social economy in a diverse range of places. They demonstrate that the social economy can provide socially useful work and goods and services of a quality that compares favourably with that of the state and private sector and discuss the policy challenges posed by seeking to develop the social economy.' - Professor Ray Hudson, Durham University
'The economic crisis has accelerated the search for real alternatives to market fundamentalism. One key alternative is the creation of a social or solidarity economy based on not-for-profit enterprises. This invaluable book provides an up-to-date account of the strengths and weaknesses of these initiatives across four continents.' - Fred Block, University of California, Davis
Table of Contents
PART 1 - Conceptual Challenges
1. Placing the social economy - Ash Amin
2. Social economy: Engaging in a Third System - John Pearce
PART 2 - International Evidence
3. Does it make a difference working for social cooperatives in Italy? - Carlo Borzaga
4. Community economies in Massachusetts - Julie Graham and Janelle Cornwell
5. Growth Dilemmas in social enterprises in Australia - Jenny Cameron
6. Ethical challenges and diverse pathways in the Philippines - Katherine Gibson and Community Economies Collective
7. Ethnographies of worker-run enterprises in Argentina - José Luis Coraggio
PART 3 - Institutional Imperatives
8. Building the socidarity economy in South Brazil - Nöelle Lechat
9. The three pillars of the social economy in Quebec - Marguerite Mendell
10. Building the social economy in Poland - Jerzy Hausner
11. Europe: what kind of public policy for what kind of social economy? - Jean-Louis Laville
About the Author:
Ash Amin, FBA is Professor of Geography and Executive Director of the Institute of Advanced Study at Durham University. He has led research on the social economy for over a decade, focusing on conceptualisation, local variations, and grounded social experience. This work has been funded by the European Commission and by the UK Economic and Social Research Council. His recent books include Cities (with Nigel Thrift, Polity, 2002), Placing the Social Economy (with Angus Cameron and Ray Hudson, Routledge, 2002), Architectures of Knowledge (with Patrick Cohendet, Oxford University Press, 2004), The Blackwell Cultural Economy Reader (edited with Nigel Thrift, Blackwell Press, 2005), Community, Economic Creativity and Organisation, (edited with Joanne Roberts, Oxford University Press, 2008), Thinking about Almost Everything (edited with Michael O'Neill, 2009, Profile Books).
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