£29.99 | $47.95

1 December 2002
Paperback
ISBN: 9781856498616
304 pages

Politics

History, Development, Politics

Also available as Hardback

The Three Waves of Globalization

A History of a Developing Global Consciousness

Robbie Robertson

Globalization necessitates a new reading of the human story, argues historian Robbie Robertson in this thought-provoking study. Its origins, he suggests, lie in the interconnections that slowly enveloped humans since the earliest of times.

But things changed dramatically 500 years ago when humanity's interconnections assumed global proportions for the first time and produced what the author sees as three consecutive waves of globalization that have radically transformed human societies and their economic activities.

Managing these revolutionary changes has proved difficult. Globalization is destabilizing. The first wave after 1500 destroyed over 90 per cent of North and South America's peoples and contributed to war and revolution in Europe. It also generated an industrial revolution that shaped the second wave in the 19th century. But in the ensuing rush to monopolize the wealth and power globalization promised, classes, nations and empires escalated their rivalries. Consequently the second wave also faltered and collapsed into depression and war.

Now the same fate could face us again if we ignore the social and historical lessons globalization presents us with. A globalized humanity, says Robertson, has to develop a new consciousness of itself in order to effect global solutions based on an inclusive rather than exclusive reading of history.


'This is a bold, imaginative book?.. A very stimulating, critical contribution to the contemporary literature.'

Stephanie Lawson, Professor of International Relations, University of East Anglia


'At last an historian who sees the big picture about globalization and its present manifestation. Robbie Robertson has produced a readable but learned book that will cause anger, debate, even dismay to those who both support and oppose globalization. A must-read for all those who care about our common future and want to know more about the human condition and its evolution and promise.'

Mike Moore, World Trade Organization

Reviews

'This is a bold, imaginative book. Robbie Robertson elucidates the origins of globalization and the subsequent paths it has followed, highlighting important lessons for how the present wave of globalization should be understood, and handled. A very stimulating, critical contribution to the contemporary literature.' - Stephanie Lawson, Professor of International Relations, University of East Anglia

'At last an historian who sees the big picture about globalisation and its present manifestation. Robbie Robertson, with precision has produced a readable, learned book that will cause anger, debate, even dismay to those who both support and oppose globalisation. A must-read for all those who care about our common future and want to know more about the human condition and its evolution and promise.' - Mike Moore, Former Director General of the WTO and former New Zealand Prime Minister

Table of Contents

Preface
Acknowledgements

Part I: GLOBALIZING KNOWLEDGE

1. Developing Global Consciousness
The historical and social context of globalization
Our exploration


2. Struggles for Survival and Wellbeing

Rare Earth
The chaos of life
Evolving from diversity to diversity
Interpreting the human condition
What drives humans?
Struggles for survival and wellbeing: the historical consequences


Part II: THE FIRST WAVE OF GLOBALIZATION

3. Early Global Transformations

Civilizations
Motors of change
Migration as a strategy for security and well being
Conquest as a strategy for security and well being
Commerce as a strategy for security and well being
The technological impulse
The agricultural record


4. Fragile Commercial Imperatives

Reading backwards
Exceptionalism denied
The lure of riches
The commercial strategy
New global dynamics
Instability


Part III: THE SECOND WAVE OF GLOBALIZATION

5. Globalization's Industrial Child

Europe alone
Britain alone
Globalization's child
Global development futures


6. Empires of Disadvantage

The industrializing impulse
Prisoners in other people's futures
Empires of disadvantage
The technological imperative


7. Implosion

The second wave falters
The shock of uncertainty
Corporatism's new deals


Part IV: THE THIRD WAVE OF GLOBALIZATION

8. American Globalism

Strategies for globalization
Decolonization
Modernization
The war of globalisms
Soviet globalism
Globalization transformed


9. Globalizing Democracies

The democratic divide
The democratic imperative
Democracy reinterpreted
Gender democratized
Democratizing race


10. Globalizing Perspectives

The economic challenge
The environmental challenge
The multicultural challenge
Proposals for developing global consciousness


Bibliography

Index

About the Author:

Dr Robbie Robertson teaches History and Development Studies at La Trobe University, Australia. He is the author of several books including:

* Government by the Gun: Fiji and the 2000 Coup (with William Sutherland) (2002)
* Multiculturalism and Reconciliation in an Indulgent Republic: Fiji after the Coups (1998)
* Fiji: Shattered Coups (with Akosita Tamanisau) (1988)
* The Making of the Modern World (1986)
* The Contemporary Era: An Introductory History (1984)